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為避免環境污染,丹麥掘地重挖400萬只水貂尸體

為避免環境污染,丹麥掘地重挖400萬只水貂尸體

Morten Butter;彭博社 2020年12月22日
貂尸會被當作企業垃圾焚燒。

丹麥政府計劃重新挖出水貂尸體進行火化。早前,為了防止新冠病毒病變,丹麥政府大規模撲殺養殖貂超逾千萬只。如今這些腐爛的貂尸正在引發新的污染風險。

挖掘工作將于明年五月開始實行,屆時將會挖出400萬只水貂尸體。這6個月的等待期是為了確保尸體屆時已經不帶病毒,能被安全處理。一旦出土,貂尸便會被當作企業垃圾焚燒。衛生部門表示,將動物掩埋在地下不會馬上對湖泊、河流和飲用水構成污染風險。

丹麥“水貂事件”近期來幾番發酵,曾一度迫使丹麥內閣大臣為此辭職,同時也大大減損了丹麥在各國民眾心中“最佳防疫國”的地位。

據有關消息披露,丹麥首相梅特?弗雷德里克森最初并未獲得全面獵殺法律授權,對此,弗雷德里克森本人也幾度進行公開自我辯護。與此同時,該事件亦激起了丹麥議會及水貂產業界內的嚴厲批評,而就在幾個月前,丹麥的水貂產業還位居全球之首。

然而,弗雷德里克森反復強調她的決定從始至終都是對的。根據丹曼流行病學家的警告,動物是新冠病毒最快、最高效的傳播途徑。弗雷德里克森援引流行病學家觀點指出,水貂體內的變異病毒可能會阻礙下一步的疫苗接種工作。

水貂的隱患

事實上,在水貂身上檢測出冠狀病毒毒株的國家除了丹麥,還有意大利、西班牙、荷蘭、瑞典和美國等過,但目前為止尚且沒有一國像丹麥一樣激進。

世界衛生組織(WHO)在今年11月初表示,發現于丹曼的病毒毒株凸顯出了“SARS-CoV-2在養殖水貂身上的傳播風險,為規避感染,必須實施強而有力的檢測、采樣及測序,尤其是在特定動物宿主生活的密集區域。”

世衛組織隨后建議所有國家加強新冠病毒在“人畜傳播”途徑中的監測力度,提高水貂養殖場等易感動物傳染源范圍內的警備等級。

本周一,繼英國發現變異病以來,丹麥同歐洲別國一起對其實施起了48小時入境禁令。據丹麥衛生局消息,該國已發現9例英國變異毒株。(財富中文網)

編譯:陳怡軒

丹麥政府計劃重新挖出水貂尸體進行火化。早前,為了防止新冠病毒病變,丹麥政府大規模撲殺養殖貂超逾千萬只。如今這些腐爛的貂尸正在引發新的污染風險。

挖掘工作將于明年五月開始實行,屆時將會挖出400萬只水貂尸體。這6個月的等待期是為了確保尸體屆時已經不帶病毒,能被安全處理。一旦出土,貂尸便會被當作企業垃圾焚燒。衛生部門表示,將動物掩埋在地下不會馬上對湖泊、河流和飲用水構成污染風險。

丹麥“水貂事件”近期來幾番發酵,曾一度迫使丹麥內閣大臣為此辭職,同時也大大減損了丹麥在各國民眾心中“最佳防疫國”的地位。

據有關消息披露,丹麥首相梅特?弗雷德里克森最初并未獲得全面獵殺法律授權,對此,弗雷德里克森本人也幾度進行公開自我辯護。與此同時,該事件亦激起了丹麥議會及水貂產業界內的嚴厲批評,而就在幾個月前,丹麥的水貂產業還位居全球之首。

然而,弗雷德里克森反復強調她的決定從始至終都是對的。根據丹曼流行病學家的警告,動物是新冠病毒最快、最高效的傳播途徑。弗雷德里克森援引流行病學家觀點指出,水貂體內的變異病毒可能會阻礙下一步的疫苗接種工作。

水貂的隱患

事實上,在水貂身上檢測出冠狀病毒毒株的國家除了丹麥,還有意大利、西班牙、荷蘭、瑞典和美國等過,但目前為止尚且沒有一國像丹麥一樣激進。

世界衛生組織(WHO)在今年11月初表示,發現于丹曼的病毒毒株凸顯出了“SARS-CoV-2在養殖水貂身上的傳播風險,為規避感染,必須實施強而有力的檢測、采樣及測序,尤其是在特定動物宿主生活的密集區域。”

世衛組織隨后建議所有國家加強新冠病毒在“人畜傳播”途徑中的監測力度,提高水貂養殖場等易感動物傳染源范圍內的警備等級。

本周一,繼英國發現變異病以來,丹麥同歐洲別國一起對其實施起了48小時入境禁令。據丹麥衛生局消息,該國已發現9例英國變異毒株。(財富中文網)

編譯:陳怡軒

Denmark will dig up millions of dead mink after a hasty cull and burial intended to stamp out a coronavirus mutation ended with the rotting carcasses triggering a new contamination risk.

The exhumation of about 4 million mink will take place in May, with a six-month waiting period deemed sufficient to ensure the bodies will be free of the virus and safe to handle. Once dug up, the mink will be incinerated as corporate waste. Health authorities said keeping the animals buried poses “no immediate pollution risk in regards to lakes, streams as well as drinking water.”

The government is trying to bring to a close a chapter that forced a Cabinet minister to resign and ended Denmark’s reputation as a country that had fought off the pandemic more ably than most.

Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen has had to defend her role in the debacle, after it emerged she didn’t initially have the legal mandate to demand a full cull of Denmark’s roughly 15.4 million mink. The rushed and messy process that followed drew harsh criticism from parliament and the country’s mink industry, which just a few months ago had been the world’s largest.

But Frederiksen has repeated her initial warning that her government’s decision to demand that all Danish mink be culled was appropriate. The country’s top epidemiologist warned at the time that the animals were highly efficient at spreading the coronavirus, and Frederiksen said Danish scientists were worried that the mutation found in the country’s mink could derail vaccine efforts.

The Mink Risk

There are a number of other countries that produce mink and that have detected coronavirus strains in the animals, namely Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Sweden and the U.S. None has so far taken the same drastic steps as Denmark.

In early November, the World Health Organization said the coronavirus mutation found in Denmark “highlights the important role that farmed mink populations can play in the ongoing transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and the critical role of strong surveillance, sampling and sequencing SARS-CoV-2, especially around areas where such animal reservoirs are identified.”

The organization said then it advises “all countries to enhance surveillance for Covid-19 at the animal-human interface where susceptible animal reservoirs are identified, including mink farms.”

In a separate development, Denmark on Monday joined other European countries in imposing a 48-hour ban on arrivals from the U.K., where a rapidly-spreading mutation of the virus has been detected among humans. Danish health authorities say nine cases of Britain’s mutated strain have been recorded in Denmark.

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